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Annotated bibliography

American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, "Practice Parameters for the Assessment and Treatment of Children and Adolescents Who Are Sexually Abusive of Others"*, Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, vol. 38, no. 12 Suppl, 1999, pp. 55S-76S.

The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry defines sexual offending among children and adolescents, and describes the components of treatment for those who engage in such activity.

Annon, J.S., "Misuse of Psychophysiological Arousal Measurement Data"*, Issues In Child Abuse Accusations, vol. 5, no. 1, 1993.

Clinical and forensic psychologist Jack S. Annon describes common ways in which the plethysmograph is used incorrectly for diagnosis and treatment decisions.

Center for Sex Offender Management, "Understanding Juvenile Sexual Offending Behavior: Emerging Research, Treatment Approaches and Management Practices"*, December 1999.

The Center for Sex Offender Management describes treatment methods for juvenile sex offenders, and discusses related controversial issues.

Council on Scientific Affairs of the American Medical Association, "Aversion therapy," Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 258, no. 18 (Nov. 13), 1987, pp. 2562-2565.

The Council on Scientific Affairs of the American Medical Association describes areas in which aversion therapy is used, as well as its effectiveness with homosexuals and sexual deviants.

Crawford, D., "Treatment approaches with pedophiles," in Cook, M. & Howells, K. (eds.), Adult sexual interest in children, London: Academic Press, 1981, pp. 181-217.

David Crawford of Broadmoor Hospital in England describes the conflicting roles of therapists of sex offenders, and describes various treatment approaches and their effectiveness. He also makes recommendations for research, prevention, and treatment.

Fog, A., "Paraphilias and Therapy," Nordisk Sexologi, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 236-242, 1992.

Danish Sociologist Agner Fog describes the isolated minority syndrome as seen in sexually deviant persons. He claims that traditional behavioral therapy worsens its symptoms and that the self-help group therapy model is safer, more effective, and more ethical.

Freund, K., "Assessment of pedophilia," in Cook, M. & Howells, K. (eds.), Adult sexual interest in children, London: Academic Press, 1981, pp. 139-179.

Kurt Freund of the University of Toronto describes how he developed the plethysmograph to diagnose homosexuality, and continues to use it to diagnose pedophilia. He also explains its use to determine the effectiveness of treatments to eliminate pedophilia, and evaluates research that claims to support the use of behavioral methods.

Gieles, F.E.J., "Helping people with pedophilic feelings," Lecture at the World Congress of Sexology, Paris, June 2001.

Dutch therapist Frans Gieles addresses ethical, scientific, and therapeutic issues related to sex offender treatment. He describes his 20-year experience using the self-help model with his own clients.

Hall, G.C.N., Theory-based assessment, treatment, and prevention of sexual aggression, New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Considering adult-minor sexual attraction and interaction to be a form of sexual aggression, Gordon C.N. Hall reviews the various methods used to treat it.

Langevin, R., Sexual strands: Understanding and treating sexual anomalies in men, Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 1983.

Ron Langevin of the Clarke Institute of Psychiatry in Toronto describes the methods that have been used to treat sexual anomalies in general, then the specific applications of these methods to homosexuality and pedophilia. He provides an overview and criticism of the studies supporting their effectiveness.

Maletzky, B., Treating the sexual offender, Newbury Park, California: Sage Publications, 1991.

Barry Maletzky describes aversion therapy, covert sensitization, and arousal reconditioning in detail.

McConaghy, N., "Unresolved issues in scientific sexology," Archives of sexual behavior, vol. 28, no. 4, 1999, pp. 285-318.

Australian psychiatrist Nathaniel McConaghy describes widespread misuse of circumference plethysmograph measurements in assessing and treating deviant arousal. He also critically reviews studies of the effectiveness of behavioral methods to change deviant sexual arousal, and of relapse prevention methods to decrease re-offending. He urges practitioners to recognize the ineffectiveness of widely used methods and the shortcomings of studies that justify their use.

Tsang, D.C., "Policing 'perversion'", Journal of Homosexuality, vol. 28, nos. 3-4, 1995, pp. 397-426.

Daniel C. Tsang, University of California describes the history of the use of biological means to control sexual deviance, specifically as it applies to medroxyprogesterone acetate (Depo-Provera). He addresses ethical issues surrounding its use.

Van Naerssen, A., "Man-Boy Lovers: Assessment, Counseling, and Psychotherapy," Journal of Homosexuality, vol. 20, nos. 1-2, 1990, pp. 175-188.

Van Naerssen describes his clinical experience with 36 men attracted to boys. He tried to help sixteen of them deal with sexual identity conflicts, and counseled the others on how to handle their relationships with boys. Counseling and psychotherapy addressed various types of interpersonal interactions in their relationships and the ways conflicts could arise within them.

Van Zessen, G., "A Model for Group Counseling with Male Pedophiles," Journal of Homosexuality, vol. 20, nos. 1-2, 1990, pp. 189-198.

Van Zessen describes a six-week, highly structured program involving individual psychotherapy and group counseling. Counseling addressed common psychological and social problems surrounding the attraction to boys and relationships with them. These problems were addressed through social support obtained from interaction with other men attracted to boys.

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