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11. Effects on boys of sexual interaction with men

Research on the effects of adult-minor sexual activity yields contradictory and surprising results. This is because it often fails to distinguish among very different types of experiences:41

Thus, results of studies vary widely depending on definitions used, as well as on the group of people studied, and on the extent to which other factors are considered:42

Researchers seem to agree that there is no set of reactions that is a single inevitable outcome of adult-minor sexual interaction, such as some sort of personality disorder. Negative outcomes seem to be associated with the following:43

• For more information, see the section on this site about effects.

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41. American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 1999*; Haugaard, 2000; Li, 1990a; West, 1998.

42. Beitchman et al., 1991; Beitchman et al., 1992; Bernard, 1981; Constantine, 1981; Fergusson & Mullen, 1999; Fromuth & Burkhart, 1989; Haugaard & Emery, 1989; Li, 1990a; Ney et al., 1994; Oellerich, 2001*; Rind et al., 1998; Rind & Tromovitch, 1997; West & Woodhouse, 1990.

43. Beitchman et al., 1992; Constantine, 1981; Fergusson & Mullen, 1999; Ingram, 1981; Kilpatrick, 1987; West & Woodhouse, 1990.

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