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Cognitive theories8

Cognitive theories are based on the assumption that pedophilia is a form of sexual aggression. Theorists suggest that sexual aggression results when an individualís cognitive distortions about the meaning and impact of sexually aggressive behavior allows him to justify it. He may think the victim enjoys or benefits from the act, or at least is not harmed by it.

These theories have serious limitations.

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8. Hall, 1996; Li, 1990a.

9. Hall, 1996; Okami & Goldberg, 1992. For more details about the crucial distinction between sex offenders and pedophiles, see the section in this site on important distinctions.

10. Bradford et al., 1988; Okami & Goldberg, 1992; Wilson & Cox, 1983.

11. Bradford et al., 1988; Constantine, 1981; Crawford, 1981; Hall, 1996; Howells, 1981; Ingram, 1981; Okami & Goldberg, 1992; Virkkunen, 1981; West, 1998; West & Woodhouse, 1990.